Microplastics and Your Health

A Toraphene Guide


We consume about 5 grams, or 1 credit card's worth of plastic from our food and water, every week.


Microplastics have been found in the human bloodstream, lung tissue, and even placenta.


Consuming microplastics may lead to hormonal problems and inflammation.

How do microplastics enter the body?

Microplastics come from single-use plastic waste, plastic microbeads, and even the clothes we wear. As discarded plastic is broken down by abrasion and sunlight, it disintegrates into smaller and smaller pieces, which can enter our bodies through our food, water, and air.

Microplastics in our food

As larger animals eat smaller ones, they consume the microplastics already present in the digestive systems of those small animals. Higher up in the food chain, we eat the larger animals, consuming all the microplastics that have ended up in that animal's guts. This process of microplastics gathering in larger animals up the food chain is called bioaccumulation.


Scientists have found that over 2/3 of fish contain microplastics, so if you're eating fish, you're also very likely eating microplastics!

Microplastics in our water

Water consumption is the mos typical way for microplastics to enter our bodies, both from bottle water and tap water, which contain microplastics from photodegradation and environmental pollution respectively. A recent study found that 94% of US tap water samples and 93% of bottled water worldwide contain microplastic particles. How many microplastics? According to more recent studies, each litre of bottled water contains 94.4 microplastics on average.

Microplastics in the air

In addition to microplastics from the food we eat and the water we drink, we are likely inhaling microplastic particles in the air. Tiny microplastics and nanoplastics can float in the air, and we inhale them as we breathe. In 2022, scientists discovered microplastic particles in human lung tissue for the first time ever.

Microplastics found in the human body

A startling and groundbreaking 2022 study found microplastics in the human bloodstream for the first time - in almost 80% of its participants!


While no long-term longitudinal studies (where scientists observe and measure people across multiple years and even decades) have yet been done, it is safe to assume that plastics in the body are harmful to human health. Scientists have observed metabolic and hormonal disturbances due to microplastics. Another cause for concern is inflammation.

There are steps you can take to reduce your exposure and limit microplastics' impact on your health.

How to Reduce Microplastic Pollution

Although microplastics are a worldwide problem, there are steps you can take today to reduce you exposure and thereby limit their impact on your health.

1. Ditch bottled water

As we mentioned before, bottled water is one of the leading causes of microplastic consumption. By switching to refillable (ideally glass or steel) bottles, you can significantly reduce the amount of plastic entering your body.

2. Filter your tap water

Tap water contains microplastics from lakes, seas, and oceans, but by filtering it, you can massively reduce your contamination. There are all kinds of filter options ranging from ones you attach to your tap, to water pitchers and bottles that have filters built in.

3. Use plastic-free storage containers

If you use plastic sotrage containers for your leftovers, for example, you may be exposing yourself to plastic contamination as your container could shed microplastics into the food that you're storing and will later eat. Switch to glass containers to avoid this possibility.

4. Swap out single-use plastics all over

The vast majority of microplastics come from the degradation of larger single-use items such as discarded plastic bottles and bin bags. Using and thereby throwing away fewer single-use items means less overall plastic pollution in the world, and therefore less microplastic pollution. Switching your plastic bin bags to Toraphene compostable bin bags is a simple change that has a big impact on how much plastic ends up in landfill and our oceans.

5. Eliminate products containing microbeads

Certain exfoliating body scrubs, toothpastes, and other toiletries and cosmetic products contain microplastic beads. These tiny particles of plastic can be ingested during use (e.g. from toothpaste), or can wash down the sink or shower drain (e.g. from exfoliating cosmetics), where they will end up in natural bodies of water, and eventually the water or food we consume. Cut out microplastics at the source by eliminating products containing microplastic beads from your home life.



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