How to Start Composting

A Toraphene Guide


If you have the space, starting your own home compost bin can be quick and easy.


It's vitally important to know what is compostable and what isn't. Generally anything that came from the earth is compostable.


If composting at home is not an option, usually your local authority has a weekly food waste collection service that will compost your organic waste.

Composting at Home

Composting at home has many benefits: reducing your carbon footprint, sending less waste to landfill, and enhacing your garden's fertility to name a few.


If you have the space, creating a home compost bin is much more straightforward, quicker and easier than you might think.

Home Composting in 5 Simple Steps

1. Find your storage bin

To start with, you will want a convenient storage in to put your food scraps into. This usually takes the form of a kitchen food waste bin/caddy where you collect your food waste before putting it into your outside compost heap.


This is much more convenient and easy that having to take your onion skins, carrot peels, egg shells,etc. outside every time you produce them.


Typically, you will want a bin with a lid to trap any odours. And it should be small enough that you don't accumulate too much decaying waste in your kitchen before removing it.


To keep your bin clean, you can use Toraphene leak proof home compostable bin liners so that you don't have to clean your bin after every use, which is what usually happens when you line your bin with typical weak compostable bags.

2. Create a large outdoor compost heap

Decide where you want to create your outdoor compost heap. A shaded area, usually out of direct sunlight is best (but not essential, especially in the UK!) so that the compost material is kept moist. Your heap will initially generate some odour from the decomposition, so it is wise to keep it away from your doors and windows to avoid any smell wafting into your home.


You can simply put your waste

3. Lay the foundation

Aeration is essential for fast decomposition. One pro trick is to use twigs or straw at the bottom of your compost, which will greatly aid airflow. Additionally you should use your gardening tools such as spades or forks to occasionally turn you pile to keep it loose and aerated.

4. Identify what to compost

Knowing what is compostable and what isn't is crucial to successful home composting. A good rule of thumb to remember is that usually whatever has come from the earth (organic material) is compostable. Here are some examples:


  • Kitchen scraps: vegetable trimmings, fruit peels, nuts and seeds, eggshells, coffee grounds, tea leaves, etc.
  • Garden waste: tree clippings, cut grass, hay, flowers, seeds
  • Household paper: (ideally shredded) paper, newspaper, cardboard
  • Toraphene compostable bags

5. Turn occasionally

Occasionally move your compost with a spade, fork, or rake to keep it aerated, which helps keep the decomposition process more even and also help speed up the process so you can use your new fertile soil even sooner.

* Find a composting service near you

If you live in an area where home composting isn't an option for you, or just doesn't make sense for your lifestyle, then you may consider a commercial composting service. These services typically come to your home, collect your compostable waste, and take it to an industrial composting facility.


In most areas of the UK, the local authority already collects compostable waste along with the usual general waste and recyclable waste. If you live in one of these areas, you can get rid of your compostable waste this way. If your local authority doesn't collect food waste, there are usually commercial services that will.


In addition to pick-up services, many farms accept compostable food waste. You could inquire with local farms and see if they would be interested in your compost, which will help them by fertilising their soil to grow better healthier plants.